Maintain a Safe and Clean Pool or
Store chemicals out of children’s reach.
Pool and hot tub main drains must be
clearly visible, intact and properly
Use qualified professionals to repair or
Follow all manufacturers’ directions for
operation, cleaning and maintenance.
Maintain proper disinfectant and pH
levels all the time. Test the water
Ensure GoodWater Clarity.
Effective disinfection, water circulation and
filtration are keys to keeping the water
Contaminants are always entering the
water from swimmers, the air, runoff,
leaves, pollen and other outside sources.
Keep the water clear of debris and
Don’t let anyone who has diarrhea into
Consider running your pump longer
during high use times or periods when it
is hot or rainy.
Use Chemicals Safely.
Read directions and safety information
on all chemicals you use.
Never add water to chemicals. Always
add the chemical to large amounts of
water and pour slowly.
Never mix chemicals.
Always keep chemicals in their original
containers and replace covers properly.
Always clean up spills immediately.
Use appropriate protective equipment
when handling chemicals.
Find OutMore About …
• Home Pool Essentials: Maintenance and Safety—HomePoolEssentials.org.
Maintenance:What Should I Do? Safety:What Should I Do? HowDo IPrepare?
Understand the Risks.
Home pool drowning is a leading cause
of death for children younger than 5.
Children were often out of sight less
than 5 minutes and under the care of
one or both parents at the time of many
home pool drownings.*
It is never safe to dive in an aboveground
pool. Many inground pools are not safe
Take Action to Prevent Drowning.
Secure your pool or hot tub with
barriers such as these:
• Surround the entire pool with a fence
or barrier that is at least 4 feet high,
has a self-closing and self-latching
gate and is designed so that a child
cannot climb over, under, around or
• Remove or enclose steps or ladders to
prevent access to an aboveground pool.
• Mount a lockable structural barrier
that fully encloses the top of a hot tub
and will not collapse under the weight
of a child.
Consider placing a safety cover that
meets safety standards over the pool
and/or installing alarms on doors or in
the pool to detect unauthorized access.
Underwater alarms work best.*
Keep children under active supervision
when in or around the water.
Have weak swimmers wear a U.S. Coast
Guard-approved life jacket—do not rely
on water wings or inflatable toys.
Remove any pool toys from the pool or
hot tub area when the area is not in use.
Do not use alcohol and/or drugs before
or while using a pool or hot tub.
Establish and enforce rules, such as no
one swims alone, stay away from drains,
no loose/dangling items and no diving
(if appropriate). Obey set limits for how
much time is spent in hot water.
Children younger than 5 should not use
a hot tub. Pregnant women or people
with chronic medical conditions should
obtain a health care provider’s approval.